Drinking one cup of pomegranate juice daily during the third trimester keeps the fetal brain healthy, a new US study shows.
The study was conducted by researchers at the Brigham Women’s Hospital at Harvard University and published its findings in the latest issue of the journal PLOS One.
When it comes to protecting the neonatal brain, taking simple steps to mitigate prenatal risks is critical, especially in embryos with intrauterine growth constraints, the researchers note.
To monitor the preventive effects of drinking pomegranate juice, the team monitored 78 mothers whose fetuses were diagnosed with intrauterine growth restriction, starting from the 24th week of pregnancy.
The team measured several aspects of embryonic brain development, including infant brain structure and functional communication.
The team did not notice differences in the brain structure of embryos in both groups, but found differences and improvement in the fine structure of white matter and functional contact in the group whose mothers drank pomegranate juice.
They noted that these results warrant a larger and more rigorously designed clinical trial to monitor the potential protective effects of polyphenols on the brains of infants.