Iraq’s population is increasing by 800,000 to 1 million a year. Iraq is at the forefront of Arab countries in terms of birth rate, which reached about 35 births per thousand in 2015, according to World Bank data.
“By 2015, the population growth rate was 2.6 percent, which is close to the 10 years that preceded it,” ministry spokesman Abdul Zahra al-Hindawi said in an interview.
The specialists in sociology that these are negative indicators of the reality of social development in Iraq, because the increase in population requires the provision of service and educational projects.
“In Iraq, there is no culture of responsibility for marriage, and this has a negative impact on the child, the family and the community,” says sociology professor at Baghdad University Fawzia al-Attiyah.
“The law is currently not held accountable for the marriage of underage girls and temporary marriages,” Al-Attiyah explained. “This leads to a negative and unthinkable increase in childbearing.”
The sociology professor at the University of Baghdad notes that Iraqi society needs to form lobbying groups of educational counselors, social workers and civic activists to spread the culture of reproductive selection until we reach the stage of “legalization of reproduction.”
The Ministry of Planning expects many problems facing Iraq within the next 15 years, if there are no long-term development policies commensurate with population growth.
But the possibility of reaching a culture of determining reproduction is possible, in Hindawi’s view, if it is done in two stages. “The first is to educate and educate the community about the need to reduce childbearing.
The statistics of the Ministry of Planning, which divided the population of Iraq according to age group:
– From a child to 15 years old about 38 percent, it was 41 percent in 2009.
– from 16 to 64 years (economically active segment) about 56 percent.
– 65 years and older 3.2%.
The ministry spokesman pointed out that there is a difference between the reality of the family in Iraq today and more than 10 years ago, the newly formed families are limited to two or three children, while it was not less than five to six.
“This is limited to families in cities, but in the countryside, we still need efforts to educate society about the importance of birth control,” Hindawi said.