In 2017, over 450 million people globally had diabetes. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle can help prevent Type 2 diabetes. Two newly released reports reveal how you can lower your risk of developing the disease.
The importance of a good night’s sleep
In a study involving mice, researchers at Toho University Graduate School of Medicine in Japan discovered that losing only one night — or six hours — of sleep increases the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.
The group of sleep-deprived mice had much higher blood sugar levels, and the production of triglycerides in the liver also increased. Triglycerides are fats associated with insulin resistance, a hallmark of diabetes.
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Additionally, sleep deprivation led to changes in liver enzymes that are responsible for regulating the liver’s metabolism.
The researchers’ results show that sleep deprivation is definitely a risk factor for diabetes. A good sleep routine is therefore important for preventing diabetes in people with an already increased risk.
Wholegrains against diabetes
A daily dose of wholegrains, such as oats, wheat or rye, can reduce the risk of developing diabetes.
In a large study, researchers at Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden and the Danish Cancer Society Research Center analyzed the eating habits of over 55,000 diabetes-free participants.
The participants were asked to list the types of wholegrain products they consumed each day. Items listed included bread, muesli and porridge.
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After 15 years, the researchers followed up with the participants. The results showed that people who ate wholegrains each day had a lower risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.
“When it comes to wholegrains, the research results are clear. Among the many studies which have been made, in varied groups of people around the world, there hasn’t been a single study which has shown negative health effects,” concludes Rikard Landberg, senior researcher of the study.